Professional Stressors of Civil Aviation Pilots’ Activity
- Flight Academy of National Aviation University, Ukraine
Received: 28.05.2021Accepted: 24.06.2021Published: 29.06.2021
Background and aim of study
Analysis of aviation accident investigations indicates that one of the main causes of accidents is a decrease in the level of stress resistance of the crew during extreme flight situations, which in turn can lead to a crash. The study of the problem of the negative impact of stressors on the effective operation of the flight crew, indicates that there is a need to form stress resistance in future pilots of civil aviation in the training process. This quality will reduce the threat to flight safety due to human error.
In the process of research general scientific methods were used – abstract-logical, theoretical generalization, comparison, analysis and synthesis, system analysis.
The problem of the impact of stress on the professional activities of pilots is considered, which in modern conditions becomes especially relevant, because the number of air traffic is growing every year. The main four types of general stress that occur in professional flying, as well as the consequences it leads to, are analyzed. Groups of stressors acting on pilots during professional activity are considered and analyzed. An explanation of the psychological mechanisms (aggression, irritability, dogmatism and frustration) that may be involved in trying to cope with a stressful situation.
The practical importance for further research in improving the training of future pilots of civil aviation to reduce the impact of the human factor on flight safety was substantiated, as evidenced by the direct impact of stressors on flight safety and the number of extreme flight situations.
stress, stressor, stress resistance, pilot, professional activity, aviation.
© 2021 Blashko Yu. I.
DOI and UDC
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26697/ijes.2021.2.3 JEL: R40, R49 UDC: 338.3:351.814
Information about the authors
Blashko, Yu. I. (2021).